What is human trafficking in human beings?
According to the Palermo Protocol sometimes known as the UN protocol to prevent, supress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children, supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols . It was signed in Palermo in 2000 and came into effect in December 2003. The article defines trafficking in human beings as:
The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud or deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal or organs.
The trafficking contains certain elements and activities:
- Recruitment ( through trust, coercion, or abduction)
- Slavery ( prostitution, forced labour, servitude or other forms of exploitation or the removal of organs
- Healing/rebuilding ones life (soul searching, long-term medical support, treating long-term injuries or pains, mental health challenges and healing relationships and friendships)